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Supplemental Materials

Supplemental Materials include graphic organizers, slideshow of maps and photographs, online lessons to accompany the printed unit, links to resources on other sites, and a list of recommended print resources.


A Global Controversy: The U.S. Invasion of Iraq

Second edition. April 2017.


Perhaps no governmental decision requires more public scrutiny than the decision to go to war. The U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 had monumental effects on both countries and fundamentally altered the relationship between the United States and the rest of the world. In the years since the invasion, the cost in lives and dollars has been higher than expected, the initial justifications for the invasion have been found false, and the future of Iraq remains uncertain. A Global Controversy: The U.S. Invasion of Iraq provides an overview of Iraqi history and draws students into the public debate over the U.S. government's decision to invade Iraq in 2003. Students assess the war's effects on the United States, Iraq, and beyond, and consider the public's role in foreign policy decisions.


Students trace the history of Iraq and explore U.S.-Iraq relations during the twentieth century. Students examine the events leading up to the 2003 invasion, and explore the effects of the war on Iraqi society, the United States, and the international community.

The Choices Role Play

Students recreate the public debate that took place throughout the United States in March 2003 as the country stood on the brink of invasion. Students explore four distinct options that the U.S. public considered at the time. Each option is grounded in a clearly defined viewpoint about the Iraqi threat and United States' role in the world. By exploring a spectrum of alternatives, students gain a deeper understanding of the competing values and assumptions that framed the debate.


The Geography of Iraq
Students practice map–reading skills and consider how geography has affected Iraqi history. Students explore the history of Ottoman and British influence in the region, as well as Iraq's ethnic and religious distribution, oil infrastructure, and major geographical features.

Life in Iraq–1932
Students analyze photographs of Iraq from 1932 to explore Iraqi life and society during this time period. Students consider the benefits and limitations of using photographs as a source for learning about Iraqi history.

The Media and the Iraq War
Students examine the media's coverage of Colin Powell's speech before the United Nations. Students analyze the role of the media in a democracy and consider strategies for reading news critically.

The Choices Role Play
Students simulate the debate among U.S. citizens in 2003 over the proposed invasion of Iraq.

Reflecting on the War
Using Choices videos, students explore the effects of the Iraq War and consider how the lessons of Iraq should influence current and future U.S. foreign policy.

Personal Stories as Historical Sources
Students analyze a variety of primary sources that offer first-hand accounts and reflections about the Iraq War. This lesson challenges students to evaluate the war from the perspectives of people who experienced it and to think critically about the value of personal narratives in understanding history.