Supplemental Materials

Confronting Genocide: Never Again?

Confronting Genocide: Never Again? traces the evolution of the international community's response to genocide and examines how the United States has responded to six cases of genocide. Students consider how the United States should respond in the future if confronted with another genocide.

Online Resources from the Choices Program

Videos featuring experts—professors, policy makers, journalists, activists, and artists—answering questions that complement the readings and lessons.

This slideshow includes a world map of genocidal acts of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, as well as maps that accompany the five case studies from the student text.

Graphic Organizers

Video Transcripts
Transcripts of the videos used in the lesson "Survivors' Voices: Experiences of Genocide" are available for download.

Survivor's Voices: Experiences of Genocide

Astrid's Story

Margaret's Story

Var's Story

Sokphal's Story

Besima's Story

Simon's Story

Sero's Story

Appolinaire's Story

Hawa's Story

Web Links

Cambodian Genocide Project, Yale University
Image database from Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, maps of Cambodia, and Khmer Rouge Genocide Tribunal transcripts.

Genocide Archive of Rwanda
Digital collection of materials from the Kigali Genocide Memorial in Rwanda. The collections include photographs, maps, documents, and testimonies from survivors and perpetrators of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide.

Srebrenica 360
Interactive online museum featuring a virtual tour, photos, historical background, and testimonies about the massacre in Srebrenica.

Sudan Research, Analysis, and Advocacy
Electronically published analytic briefs and advocacy writings on Sudan.

Twenty Voices
Interactive videos, testimonies, maps, and other resources that discuss how individuals experienced the Armenian Genocide.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Documents, photos, virtual tours, educational resources, and other information on numerous genocides.

The U.S. and Genocide in Rwanda 1994
U.S. government documents about the Rwandan Genocide.

Yale Genocide Studies Program
Background and resources on various genocides.


Bartov, Omer. Germany's War and the Holocaust: Disputed Histories. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2003.

Bloxham, Donald and A. Dirk Moses. The Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Esparza, Marcia, Henry R. Huttenbach, and Daniel Feierstein. State Violence and Genocide in Latin America: the Cold War Years. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Hagan, John and Wenona Rymond-Richmond. Darfur and the Crime of Genocide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Power, Samantha. “A Problem From Hell”: America and the Age of Genocide, fourth edition. New York: Basic Books, 2013.

Prunier, Gerard. The Rwanda Crisis: History of a Genocide. New York: Columbia University, 1995.

Tatum, C. Dale. Genocide at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century: Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Darfur. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.