Supplemental Materials

Beyond Manifest Destiny: America Enters the Age of Imperialism

Beyond Manifest Destiny: America Enters the Age of Imperialism probes the political and ethical issues raised by the Spanish-American War and the acquisition of an overseas empire. Students compare America's values and concerns at the turn of the century with the challenges facing U.S. policy today.

Online Resources from the Choices Program

Graphic Organizers

Web Links

World Sees 'Imperialism' in American Reach, Strength
All Things Considered, November 2, 2006 (audio)

The Age of Imperialism
A resource for teachers and students produced by Small Planet communications in conjunction with The History Channel.

The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War
A wealth of materials from the Library of Congress that include photographs, timelines, and essays.

The U.S. Army in the War with Spain
Records, illustrations, and information from the U.S. military.

Crucible of Empire
A PBS website associated with its film. Includes film transcript, multimedia and timeline information, and educational resources.

A War in Perspective
A New York Public Library reference site including multimedia, chronology, and historical interpretations.

Roosevelt Speeches and Writings

Chicago Historical Society
Photos, maps, and history on the 1893 World's Fair


Beisner, Robert L. Twelve against Empire: The Anti-Imperialists, 1898-1900 (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968). 310 pages.

Gardner, Lloyd C., ed. A Different Frontier: Selected Readings in the Foundations of American Economic Expansion (Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1966). 190 pages.

Gatewood, Jr., Willard B. “Smoked Yankees” and the Struggle for Empire: Letters from Negro Soldiers, 1898-1902 (Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1971). 328 pages.

Jacobson, Matthew Frye. Barbarian Virtues: The United States Encounters Foreign Peoples at Home and Abroad, 1876-1917 (New York: Hill and Wang, 2000). 265 pages.

LaFeber, Walter. The New Empire: An Interpretation of American Expansion 1860-1898 (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1963). 417 pages.

Marks, George P., ed. The Black Press Views American Imperialism (1898-1900) (New York: Arno Press and The New York Times, 1971). 211 pages.

McDougall, Walter. Promised Land, Crusader State: The American Encounter with the World Since 1776 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997). 222 pages.

Rickover, H.G. How the Battleship Maine was Destroyed (Washington, D.C.: Naval History Division, Department of the Navy, 1976). 156 pages.

Stephanson, Anders. Manifest Destiny: American Expansionism and the Empire of Right (New York: Hill and Wang, 1995). 129 pages.

Tompkins, E. Berkeley. Anti-Imperialism in the United States: The Great Debate 1890-1920 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970). 331 pages.

Trask, David F. The War with Spain in 1898 (New York: Macmillan, 1981). 624 pages.

Traxel, David. 1898: The Birth of the American Century (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998). 365 pages.

Wolff, Leon. Little Brown Brother (New York: Doubleday, 1961). 366 pages.

Zimmermann, Warren. First Great Triumph: How Five Americans Made Their Country a World Power (New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2002). 562 pages.